Abbey Road Studios, where The Beatles recorded, celebrates 90 years

Abbey Road Studios, the legendary heart of The Beatles’ music catalog, commemorated its 90th anniversary this month.

Several other famous artists, from Pink Floyd to Adele, have also made use of the recording studio. But it’s The Beatles and their chart-topping 1969 album, named after the London street where the studio is located, with whom the venue is most closely associated.

“I remember being quite nervous most of the time in the recording studio, but also very excited, a nervous thrill. It was fantastic to be on Abbey Road,” said Paul McCartney, according to The Beatles’ 2000 autobiography, “The Beatles Anthology. “

“We lived there,” he added. “I loved it so much that I even had a house around the corner. I never wanted to leave.”

PHOTO: The world famous Abbey Road studios are decorated with Beatles stickers on the walls, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the launch of Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band in London on June 1, 2017 (NurPhoto via Getty Images).

To celebrate nine decades of music recording, Abbey Road Studios hosted a two-day festival this month dedicated to the next generation of music creators. The festival featured panels and other events that covered a variety of topics, from becoming a music producer or engineer, to the music publishing business. As I looked to the future, the historic anniversary was also an opportunity for Beatles fans to remember the studio’s significant place in music history.

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Abbey Road Studios, formerly EMI Recording Studios, first opened on November 12, 1931. The Gramophone Company, one of the UK’s first record companies, had bought a nine-bedroom house on Abbey Road in St. John’s. Wood, North London. neighborhood in 1929 and spent two years transforming it into the “world’s first purpose-built recording studio,” according to the Abbey Road Studios website.

The Gramophone Company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1931, becoming Electric Musical Industries (EMI). The recording studio was renamed in the 1970s in honor of The Beatles’ album “Abbey Road”.

PHOTO: The Beatles play pianos at Abbey Road Studios (originally EMI Studios) in London, circa 1967. From left, John Lennon, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney.  George Harrison is sitting in the back.  (Mark and Colleen Hayward / Redferns via Getty Images, FILE)

PHOTO: The Beatles play pianos at Abbey Road Studios (originally EMI Studios) in London, around 1967. From left to right, John Lennon, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney. George Harrison is sitting in the back. (Mark and Colleen Hayward / Redferns via Getty Images, FILE)

Over the years, Abbey Road Studios has been an integral part of many beloved movie soundtracks, such as “Indiana Jones: Raiders of the Lost Ark”, “Lord of the Rings”, “Harry Potter”, “Star Wars “,” Skyfall “. , “Gravity” and “Black Panther”.

Lester Smith, the custodian of Abbey Road Studios’ impressive collection of microphones for the past 50 years, recalled working on the 2010 Oscar-winning film “The King’s Speech” with veteran recording engineer Peter Cobbin, who requested the actual microphone. used by King George of Great Britain. SAW.

“There were actually five microphones, and Peter asked me to try to get them working,” Smith said in a statement earlier this month. “After being silent for 70 years, this was a very special opportunity to give it a try.”

PHOTO: From left to right, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon and up front, Paul McCartney, at EMI's Abbey Road studios as they prepare for 'Our World', a worldwide live television show that it is broadcast to 24 countries.  (Bips / Getty Images, FILE)

PHOTO: From left to right, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, John Lennon and up front, Paul McCartney, at EMI’s Abbey Road studios as they prepare for ‘Our World’, a worldwide live television show that it is broadcast to 24 countries. (Bips / Getty Images, FILE)

Abbey Road Studios is also credited with important technological creations. Stereophonic sound, or stereo, was invented in the 1930s by Alan Blumlein, an EMI electronics engineer. Artificial Double Tracking (ADT), an innovative technology that allows you to enhance vocals or instruments during mixing, was invented specifically for The Beatles in 1966 by Ken Townsend, an EMI sound engineer.

“There are songwriters who can hear if something has been recorded on Abbey Road because it has such a different sound,” Isabel Garvey, general manager of Abbey Road Studios, told ABC News in an interview Wednesday.

Today, Abbey Road Studios is not only doing magic with music, it is also a pilgrimage site for generations of Beatles fans. Every day people from all over the world come to walk the famous Abbey Road junction, as depicted on the iconic album cover, and pay tribute to the band by writing on a graffiti wall located in front of the studio building, which it is repainted. every few months to make room for new messages.

“The gravitational pull to Abbey Road is global,” Garvey said, “and it’s not just for The Beatles.”

PHOTO: Graffiti tributes cover the entrance to Abbey Road recording studios, which were put up for sale by owner EMI on February 17, 2010 in London.  (Oli Scarff / Getty Images)

PHOTO: Graffiti tributes cover the entrance to Abbey Road recording studios, which its owner EMI put up for sale on February 17, 2010 in London. (Oli Scarff / Getty Images)

In 2010, amid reports that the building could be sold, Abbey Road Studios was added to England’s hoard of listed buildings on the advice of the English Heritage charity. The crosswalk also became the first of its kind to receive listing status that same year. Garvey said this means that the building and its recording studios, particularly the famous Studio Two, have largely remained unchanged since The Beatles recorded there.

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Abbey Road Studios remains at the forefront of technological and musical developments with its innovation arm, Abbey Road Red. Launched in 2015 as Europe’s first music-centric technology incubator, the program supports the efforts of entrepreneurs, developers and researchers. From an automated mastering platform to BrainRap, an artificial intelligence-powered device that generates lyrics while an artist sings or sings freely, Abbey Road Red is leveraging the studio’s reach and fame to foster a new wave of world-changing inventions. the music. .

Abbey Road Studios, where The Beatles recorded, Celebrating 90 years originally appeared on abcnews.go.com

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